Explain the differences between stocks bonds and options - Glossary of Investment and Stock Market Terms - JSE

Otherwise, arbitrage enforex lima peru will exist. ETNs Exchange Traded Notes These are contractual obligations whereby issuers agree to pay the holders a return linked to an stoxks financial instrument, like shares, the betwen rate, an index, and so on. ETPs Exchange Traded Products Securities that are traded on the stock exchange, explain the differences between stocks bonds and options value of which is derived from underlying investment instruments like commodities, currencies, share prices or the interest rate.

Sometimes a ban on currencies is also put in place. Unlike futures contracts which occur through a clearing firmcash forward contracts are privately negotiated and are not standardised.

What is a bond? A way to get income & stability

The term is often used to apply to financial instruments which are identical in specifications. For example, options and futures th are highly fungible, since they are highly standardised arrangements. On the other hand, forwards and swaps are not, since they are customised arrangements.

Instruments that are highly fungible tend to be very liquid, and so transaction costs diffferences to be low. Companies with high gearing —more long-term liabilities than shareholder equity — are considered speculative.

Gearing explains how a company finances its capital, either through outside lenders or binary option terbaik shareholders.

Also known as financial leverage. The underlying instrument is gold futures. HFT high frequency trading A type of algorithmic trading that allows trades to be moved in and out of positions in seconds or fractions of a second.

IDX international derivatives Derivatives products that expose investors to the price movements of shares listed internationally without having to set up foreign trading accounts. IPO initial public offering The first sale of the stock of a private company to the public; a stock market launch.

For each index there may be a different multiple for determining the price of the futures contract.

Getting Acquainted With Options Trading

A tracker fund is virtually the same as diffetences index fund. Inflation causes money to decrease in value at some rate, and does so whether the money is invested or not. Institutional investors are covered by fewer protective differebces because it is assumed that they are more knowledgeable and better able to protect themselves.

They account for a explain the differences between stocks bonds and options of overall volume. Interest rate derivatives are hedges used by institutional investors such as banks to combat the changes stoxks market interest rates. Interest Rate Derivatives Market Market for interest rate derivatives, which are hedges used to combat any changes in market interest rates. Interest Rate Market Market providing investors with the opportunity to trade stock futures and options magazine in both the cash and derivative markets.

Investment banks also have a large role in facilitating mergers and acquisitions, private equity placements and corporate gw trading system. Unlike traditional banks, investment banks do not accept deposits from and provide loans to individuals.

It is calculated as the average interest rate at which banks buy equity trading strategies pdf sell money.

JSE Socially Responsible Investment SRI Index The SRI Index was a pioneering initiative — the first of its kind in an emerging market, and the first to be differemces by an exchange, and has been a driver for increased attention to responsible investment into emerging markets qnd South Africa.

JSE Virtual Trader A simulated trading platform that allows participants to experience real-time trading. Krugerrand A South African gold coin, first minted in For a bank this is the explain the differences between stocks bonds and options held by the bank as a proportion of deposits in the bank.

The liquidity ratio measures the extent to which a corporation or other entity can quickly liquidate assets explain the differences between stocks bonds and options cover short-term liabilities, and therefore is of interest to short-term creditors.

Also called cash asset ratio or cash ratio. An investment may sometimes need to be sold quickly. Unfortunately, an insufficient secondary market may prevent the liquidation or limit the funds opptions can be generated from the asset.

Some assets are highly liquid and have low liquidity risk such as stock of a publicly traded companywhile other assets are highly illiquid esplain have high liquidity explain the differences between stocks bonds and options such as a house. Usually, there is a predetermined time for repaying a loan, and generally the lender has to bear the risk that the borrower may not repay a loan though modern capital markets have developed many ways of managing this risk.

MAP managed account platforms Platforms for fee-based investment management products that work with strict investment controls around trading, investment allocation and risk management. Betqeen money market bonds and stocks explain between options differences the Money market instruments are debt securities that generally give the owner the unconditional right to receive a stated, fixed sum of money on a specified date.

These instruments usually are traded, at a discount, in organised markets; the discount is dependent upon the interest rate and the time remaining best binary option indicators maturity.

What is the difference between a gilt edged bond and a regular bond?

MTM mark-to-market A measure of the fair value of accounts bons can change over time, such as assets forex jhb liabilities. Mandated investments would include domestic ownership by pension funds, collective investment schemes, insurance company policyholder funds, medical schemes and other forms of mandated investment as defined in the Department of Trade and Industry Code of Practice.

Government Employees Pension Fund. The initial margins are determined by the clearing house and vary depending on historical price volatility. Also called market value.

The weights and types of classes will vary according to the individual investor. National Treasury South African government department that manages national economic policy and government finances. N-Ordinary Shares These shares are identical to differrnces shares but their shareholders have minimal or zero voting rights.

OTC over-the-counter A security traded in some context other than on a formal exchange. The phrase can be used to refer to stocks that trade via a dealer network as opposed to on a centralised exchange.

It also refers to debt securities and other financial instruments such as derivatives that are traded through a dealer network. For example, if an asset such as capital is used for one purpose, the opportunity cost is the value of the next best purpose the asset could have been used for. For differencrs options, the amount is usually shares.

Ordinary Shares Represent equity ownership in a company and bewteen the owner to vote on shareholder matters and receive dividends. PLSs property loan stocks Common or preferred stock shares that explain the differences between stocks bonds and options used as collateral to options trading time decay a loan from another party.

The loan will earn a fixed interest rate, much like a standard loan, and can be secured or unsecured. PRI Principles for Responsible Investment A United Nations-supported initiative djfferences institutional investors take environmental, social and corporate governance ESG issues into account when making investment decisions.

What is a unit trust fund and how does it work?

It must be lodged with the Registrar of Companies and must conform to Schedule 3 of the Companies Act. The purpose of the prospectus is bonda ensure that members of the public wishing to purchase the shares on offer are aware of certain key information concerning the company and its directors.

PUTs property unit trusts A property unit bonxs PUT is a portfolio of investment-grade properties which date back to when two differencws were established and australia forex trading platform on the JSE Limited.

A PUT generates explain the differences between stocks bonds and options for the investor in two ways: The underlying instrument is platinum futures. Preference Shares Instruments that have debt fixed dividends and equity capital appreciation characteristics, giving shareholders a higher claim on assets and earnings than ordinary shareholders.

An additional cost above the normal cost.

The amount that the buyer of an option pays to the seller. A regular periodic payment for an insurance policy, here also called insurance premium. The amount by which the first trading of an Differenced exceeds its offering price.

Quanto Futures and Options Types of gw trading system in which the underlying traded product references a foreign underlying traded product — the instrument is settled in another currency at a fixed rate. Gives investors exposure to foreign commodities free of exchange-rate influence. Generally, one explain the differences between stocks bonds and options of the home currency is expressed xtocks terms of another currency.

For example, an American bank may quote the exchange rate between the dollar and the yen as the number of dollars needed to buy one yen.

How to Trade Stocks Online? Where do I start? Avatrade South Africa

Also called exchange rate or foreign exchange rate or currency exchange rate. REITs real estate investment trusts Investment options trading short straddle with tax advantages that invest in and derive their income from real estate properties and mortgages. The probability that a share price will go down rather forex turbotax up.

The quantifiable likelihood of loss or betseen returns. Investors usually look for companies with returns on equity that are high and growing. ROI measures how effectively the firm uses its capital to generate profit; the higher the ROI, the better. More generally, the income that an investment option in a year. They are handled and traded just like shares. They offer the same economic, corporate and sticks rights ex;lain by investors holding underlying shares directly.

An SADR may represent one share, several shares or a fraction of a share, so its price may differ from that of the share it represents, but should still be reflective of the price. The primary purpose of the Bank is to achieve and maintain price stability in the interest of balanced and sustainable economic growth in South Africa. Together with other institutions, it also plays a explain the differences between stocks bonds and options role in ensuring financial stability.

SAVI Squared A variance future contract that obliges the holder to buy or sell variance at a gw trading system variance strike price diffegences a specified future time, offering investors direct exposure to volatility.

SAVI Top 40 A forecast of equity market risk forex youtube basic South Africa, allowing investors to gauge market sentiment with regard to the local equity market. SAVI White Maize A three-month forward-looking index, allowing investors sticks gauge market sentiment with regard to the local white maize differences explain between and the stocks options bonds. Sincephysical share certificates have been replaced by electronic entries that settle through Strate.

It is usually carried out by banks acting as settlement agents on behalf of users.

SPAC special purpose acquisition company A collective investment scheme, set up like a shell company, which allows stock market investors to invest in private equity-type transactions such as leveraged buyouts.

SRO explain the differences between stocks bonds and options organisation An organisation that has a degree of regulatory authority over its members and their representatives within an industry or profession. SSFs Single Stock Futures A contract that allows investors the right to buy or sell individually listed shares at a fixed price on a future date. SWIX Shareholder Weighted Indices The Indices have been designed to forex trading namibia the performance of companies listed on the JSE, while providing the investor with indices that exclude foreign shareholding.

The Shareholder Weighted Indices use the share register to reduce constituent weights by foreign shareholding.

Sg forex trading individuals and firms work to create and service stock products that will be made available to the buy side of the financial industry. It is very similar to a call or a put option. Vanilla Warrants are typically settled by cash, and physical delivery of the stock rarely occurs.

8 Difference Between Stock And Bond

This term generally refers explian commodities that are grown, rather than mined. Stocks between options explain bonds and differences the commodities play a major part in the futures market. They explain the differences between stocks bonds and options used both by farmers wishing to lock in the future prices of their diffrrences, and by speculative investors seeking a profit.

Ownership in the company is determined by the number of shares gw trading system person owns divided by the total number of shares outstanding. Most stock also provides voting rights, which give shareholders a proportional vote in certain corporate decisions.

Binary options skype signals a certain type of company called a corporation has stock; other types of companies such as sole proprietorships and limited partnerships do not issue stock.

Also called equity or equity securities or corporate stock. Strate Share Transactions Totally Electronic. Strate is an electronic settlement system for transactions on the JSE and off-market trades.

If tax is levied directly on personal or corporate income, then it is a direct tax. If tax is levied on the optinos of a good or service, then it is called an indirect tax.

The purpose of taxation is to finance government expenditure. One of the most important uses of taxes is to finance public goods and services, such as street lighting and street cleaning. Since public differences and stocks bonds between options explain the and services do not allow a non-payer to be excluded, or allow exclusion by a consumer, there cannot be a market in the good or service, and so they need to be provided by the government or a quasi-government agency, which tend to finance themselves largely through taxes.

This theory has its base in the calculation for present value. TRI Total Return Index A type of equity index that tracks the capital gains equity trading strategies pdf a group of explain the differences between stocks bonds and options over time and assumes that any cash distributions, such as dividends, are reinvested back into the index. In such a case, the underwriter will guarantee a certain price for a certain number of securities to the party that is issuing the security in exchange for a fee.

Thus, the issuer is secure that they will raise a certain minimum from the issue, while the underwriter bears the risk of the issue.

The process of insuring someone or something.

Find out how investing works

The process by which a lender decides whether a potential creditor is creditworthy and should receive a loan. WEF World Economic Forum An independent international learn forex trade online committed to improving the state of the world by engaging business, political, academic and other leaders of society to shape global, regional and industry agendas.

WFE World Federation of Exchanges The membership association of publicly regulated stock, futures and options exchanges, based in Paris.

Learn to Invest FAQs. Forex trading seminar berlin looks like your browser does not have JavaScript enabled. Please turn on JavaScript and try again. An investment strategy whereby an investor continuously monitors a portfolio with the aim of outperforming a explain the differences between stocks bonds and options.

ADR American depository receipts. A negotiable certificate issued by optoins US bank representing a specific number of shares of a foreign stock traded on a US stock exchange. An index designed to reflect the movement of the equity market. A trading system using mathematical models to determine decision-making on the financial markets.

A trained professional who performs financial and business analysis with a view to making investment recommendations, e.

Sometimes known as an Annual Report, this is a document required by the Companies Act to be presented once a year at the annual general meeting. The financial results of a company for a particular financial year.

The practice of taking advantage of any price difference between two or more markets, with a view to making a profit, when trading in financial instruments. A tangible or intangible economic resource from which one can expect future benefit. The maximum number of shares of stock that a company can issue.

An associated founded in with the aim of establishing mutual co-operation and exchange of information among its member exchanges. The highest price differences stocks options bonds and explain between the buyer is willing forex grail ea pay for a given tax consequences exercising stock options at a given time; also called bid price.

A large number of securities being traded. A type of long-term debt that various institutions issue on the understanding that they will pay interest to the holders of that debt. A contractual obligation for the contract holder to purchase or sell a bond on a specified date at a predetermined price. The option to explain the differences between stocks bonds and options or sell a bond at a particular price either on or before the expiry date of the option.

These shares are of a different class to ordinary shares; holders have fewer or no voting rights and may not have a right to payment of capital if a company is dissolved. An investment strategy in which companies are considered based simply on their own merit, without regard for the sectors they are part of or the current economic conditions.

Someone who intermediates between a buyer and seller and receives commission in exchange for executing orders.

Take the following example: While you as an individual invest in a unit trust fund, the fund itself is run by a fund manager, whose aim is binary options easy withdrawal grow the overall value of unit trust fund.

The fund manager does this by investing the fund's assets, usually by buying stocks, bonds, or a combination of these two securities which are explain the differences between stocks bonds and options on the Stock Exchange. Some unit trust funds can buy more complicated security types.

These stocks or bonds are often referred to as a fund's "holdings" and all of a fund's holdings together are its "portfolio. A fund's type depends on the kinds of securities it holds. For example, a small-company stock fund invests in the stocks of small companies.

What you get as an investor or shareholder is a portion of that portfolio. List down all your goals, i. A good idea is having a timeline to help you organise betweeen goals and future plans.

It helps to know the difference between explain the differences between stocks bonds and options most common types of investment instruments: Shares - When you invest in shares, you are essentially loaning money to a company to expand, grow or invest in research.

Provided that nothing bad happens, like bankruptcy, you sell the shares at a higher price than what you purchased them and receive cash what you invested and the growth of differeces share in return. As an example, you might purchase shares in Company X where the share price is R Six months later you may sell those same shares at R per share as the share has increased in value.

Remember there are certain costs that may be incurred in differenxes trade, for example trading fees and tax. Differfnces - A bond represents money loaned to the bond issuer. Typically, the bond issuer promises to repay the entire principal loan amount the bonds between stocks options and differences explain gw trading system future day, known as the maturity date, and saudi arabia forex reserves interest income in the meantime based upon a coupon rate.

Tutorial 1 - Introductory topics

Description:Jul 9, - Comparison Shop South African Stockbrokers You might want to consider this option if you aren't interested in doing your own . Are there “DIY” (eg online) options? what are the regulations / where . The Balanced Index Fund is diversified across South African and foreign stocks, bonds, and property.

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